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Cardamom, often referred to as the queen of spice, is as fascinating in flavor and aroma as it is therapeutic value in many diseases. Cardamom is separated from the remainder of the power spices by the aromatic odour. Cardamom includes many phytonutrients, which have strong anti-inflammatory properties. Cardamom antioxidant phytonutrients, detoxifies the body, enhancing digestive track, blood pressure, heart and liver. These compounds also combat signs of various metabolic disorders such as diabetes, high blood sugar, cardiovascular disease and cholesterol, whereas reducing anxiety
Cardamom has been widely used for hundreds of years, along with all the comprehensive health advantages, and has been proven safe to eat. Cardamom is an significant variable that many countries around the globe use in many traditional homeopathic medicines. Cardamom's unique and delicious flavour is an easy and tasteful addition to almost any food or beverage, making it a true superfood. The distinctive and delicious flavor of cardamom is a simple and tasteful complement to almost any food or beverage, rendering it a real superfood.
Cardamom is known as the “Queen of Spices”. It is one of the most highly priced and exotic spices in the world. It is a perennial tropical herb plant belonging to the ginger family (Zingibaraceae) and grows from a thick rootstalk up to around 6-10 feet. It is indigenously grown in the evergreen forests of the Western Ghats in South India.
Cardamom is most commonly recognized by its small seed pods. This spice has a long past. In fact, the earliest form of the word “cardamom” is from Mycenaean Greek, the language spoken by ancient Greeks during the 16th to 12th centuries BC.
Cardamom contributes a lot to the human being for good health. It contains many compounds that are known to have antioxidant, disease preventing and health promoting properties. The seeds of large cardamom are good source of minerals like potassium, calcium, magnesium, manganese and iron. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that help to control heart rate and blood pressure. The therapeutic properties of large cardamom oil has found application in many traditional medicines as antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, digestive, diuretic, expectorant, stimulative, stomachic and tonic to heat and liver.
Cardamom is richest in manganese and provides 80% of the recommended value in a single tablespoon. The seed is considered an excellent dietary source of limonene, a chemical typically found in the skin of citrus fruits. Consumption of limonene has been shown to boost antioxidant activity and has been used by patients to prevent and treat cancer. Limonene is also a great solvent that is capable of “carrying” other healthful ingredients deep into the cells of your body, which is one of the reasons that Jon uses it as an ingredient in most of his liquid tinctures.
The various metabolic reactions of the body naturally produce free radicals and release toxins that can harm other inner molecules, compounds and cells. In addition, many environmental variables such as diet, smoking, bad air quality and others are increasing our free-radical output leading to oxidative stress. Many serious and life-threatening illnesses including types of dementia, diabetes and cancers have been lately ascribed to increased oxidative stress. Antioxidants play an important function here by means of reacting with free radicals and neutralizing their effect.
Cardamom is full of strong active compounds such as vitamins, phytonutrients and essential oils and ranks #39 among all foods and drinks worldwide on the ORAC vital oil scale for antioxidant value.
Bioactive ingredient quantities are not as large in cardamom compared to other spices. The quantity current, however, is strong and has demonstrated important potential against several biochemical and cell damaging processes,, including skin cancer.
Extracts of cardamom contain effective antioxidant properties and have been used as natural detoxifiers. Liver is the primary detoxification organ that processes, filters and removes body by products and toxins using various enzymes. Due to such extremely specific and complex function, liver is often subjected to different levels of stress, resulting in increased free radicals production.
If this stress is no longer addressed, It may become chronic or oxidative in nature, resulting in a metabolic imbalance between free radicals of the body and levels of antioxidants. Free radicals attack and harm cellular proteins, lipids and DNA in the liver, destroying these molecules and compounds and disrupting or reducing overall organ functionality. In the liver, the chronic immune response of the free radical can lead to several diseases. Research suggests that various antioxidants found in food have been proven to reduce anti-inflammation, restore antioxidant ability and improve liver disease.
In south Asian cuisines, cardamom is extensively used not only to flavour the foods, but also to enhance overall digestion. Research indicates that cardamom boost the secretion of stomach bile acid and increases the overall digestive process .It also stimulates overall metabolism, while avoiding other gastrointestinal issues such as acid reflux, heartburn, stomach cramps and diarrhea, due to the amount of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds in cardamom juice. This cure capacity is thought to originate from the same bioactive compounds that minimize muscle spasms because the stomach is mainly composed of smooth muscle cells.
Indigestion may also be a symptom of stomach ulcers that are inflated lining of the stomach. Researchers discovered that the anti-inflammatory components of cardamom decreased ulcer development caused from aspirin and alcohol by reducing inflammatory protein levels and their activity. Increase amount of inflammatory protein leading to chronic inflammation resulting in hyperactivity and damage of healthy or un-infected tissue. Thus, you also reducing overall inflammation by lowering inflammatory protein levels.
In addition to antioxidant phytonutrients, the nutrient composition of cardamom enhance conditions for reduced blood sugar levels, better blood circulation, and reduced overall cholesterol levels. Cardamom includes fiber that helps to lowering of overall cholesterol levels and enhance digestive health. The antioxidant terpene compounds in black cardamom are shown to lower blood plasma lipids, preventing blood clots from forming in animals with metabolic syndrome. Blood plasma lipids are proven to reduce by the antioxidant terpene compounds in black cardamom, stopping the formation of blood clots in animals with metabolic syndrome.
Recent study has shown that green cardamom extract has enhanced fibrinolysis and antioxidant levels; while individuals with high blood pressure have reduced average blood pressure. When treated with green cardamom extract, human blood platelets also reported less coagulation and damage induced by oxidative stress.
In addition, Cardamom enables the body regulate inflammation by managing various electrolyte ions by improving the calcium ions channels while excreting sodium and potassium by urination. As seen in animal research, this process relaxes the blood vessels.
Cardamom contains fiber which helps lower cholesterol levels and enhances overall heart health. Manganese is rich in cardamom, an significant component in maintaining normal blood sugar level. Recent animal research discovered that manganese within cardamom reduce blood sugar levels and also decreasing LDL levels these excellent ability of manganese helps to fight premature signs of diabetes. In hypertensive patients, green cardamom extract resulted in a gradual percent decrease of LDL, total cholesterol, and triglycerides reductions
Scientific community also has an increasing conviction that oxidative stress and chronic inflammation are a major additive to numerous metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes. Spices such as cardamom are at the centre of science research for their impacts on diseases such as hyperglycaemia due to strong antioxidant characteristics. Studies have shown that cardamom is an efficient component in both diabetic and pre-diabetic patients to lower LDL as well as total cholesterol levels.
Cardamom is widely used as a natural breath freshener. South East Asia's locals merely chew the berries in cardamom pods, extracting essential oils along with fragrant fragrance. This is no mistake, as some studies have disclosed antibacterial effects of cardamom extracts against common oral strains.
An active ingredient cineole of cardamom oil has been shown to be a powerful antiseptic that stops the bacterial growth. Both kinds of cardamom (green and blank) showed ability to fight bacteria against cavity-causing microorganisms frequently found in the human mouth.
Cardamon's antibacterial characteristics extend beyond countering bad breath. Number of studies proved green cardamom extract to prevent the growth of several candida yeast cultures. Also essential oil from black cardamom is impressively efficient against the growth of many bacterial and fungal species.
Although the process is not fully known, effective substances contained in essential oils of cardamom are thought to interact with proteins within bacterial membranes, resulting in inactivity and mortality of the organism.
Cardamom has been used for muscle and joint pain. Irregular neural signals trigger fatigue, often seen in elderly people, leading to severe muscle contractions and spasms. Recent research found number of bioactive ingredients in cardamom possessing anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic properties.[ In animal studies]. It has been shown that the anti-inflammatory components of cardamom are efficient in reducing muscle pain and spasms.
Asthma is a condition in which your airways narrow and swell and produce extra mucus. This can make breathing difficult and trigger coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath. Cardamom has been used as a natural cure for the treatment of respiratory diseases including asthma for hundreds of years.
For centuries, cardamom has been used as a natural remedy to treat respiratory illnesses including asthma. A recent study shown anti-inflammatory ingredients within green cardamom extract have been shown to reduce overall allergic response, by improving overall messaging sequence (of calcium ion channels) resulting in relaxation of the airway smooth muscles.
Most findings originate from animal studies, and additional human studies are required to determine the precise magnitude of the capacity of cardamom to cause asthma in humans.